Vaccinating your child as per the recommended schedule can help improve the immune response of the body. One such vaccine which is very important for children who are more susceptible to wounds and injuries is the tetanus vaccine. Here is everything that you need to know about this vaccine.
Tetanus is a type of infection that is caused when a bacteria called Clostridium tetani enters the body. This bacteria is very commonly found in the soil and therefore when someone falls and has a puncture wound, the risk of developing this condition increases. It can lead to a frozen jaw as a result of muscle contractions. That is why this condition is also known as “lockjaw”. It can also impact the nervous system. The worst part is that this condition is permanent as the toxins are very difficult to remove from the body.
This can be prevented with a tetanus shot after injury. It is even better if the vaccination is provided at a young age as per the schedule provided by the doctor.
Also read: 9 Vaccination Myths and Realities
The occurrence of tetanus has greatly reduced since the development of the tetanus vaccine in the late 1800s in Germany. Today, it is available all over the world and is an important part of the vaccination schedule for babies. Today, there are four kinds of tetanus vaccines that protect your child not only from tetanus but from other conditions as well. These four types of tetanus shots are as follows:
Normally, for children who are less than 7 years of age, the DT vaccine or the DTaP vaccine is provided. In the case of children above the age of 7 or adults, a Td or Tdap Vaccine is provided. It is essential that the initial vaccination schedule for tetanus be followed strictly to prevent any issues when your child is older and has any puncture wounds.
Tetanus Vaccination is recommended for individuals of all ages. However, there is a vaccination schedule that is prescribed for babies that is most important. The tetanus vaccine given in the initial years is called the DTaP vaccine. This keeps the child protected against diphtheria, tetanus as well as whooping cough.
Tetanus booster shots are recommended all through your life to ensure that you are fully protected. It is best for adults to get a Td booster shot once every 10 years to prevent any infections or to prevent the development of the condition mentioned above.
In case an individual has not received the vaccination as a child, it is a good idea to get a Tdap vaccine. This can be taken in place of the regular Td booster shot that is recommended. It is a good idea to consult the doctor before taking this vaccine as an adult.
Normally, the tetanus vaccine is very safe. It does cause very mild side effects such as nausea or fever. However, it does not hamper the health of the individual. That said, there are certain exceptions and some children may have an adverse reaction to this vaccine. You must make sure that the healthcare provider is notified if:
If your child is unwell during the scheduled vaccination appointment, it is a good idea to wait until the child recovers. If any of the above situations occur, the booster shot or the next dose may be postponed.
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