We have always heard “Prevention is better than Cure”, but it is essential when it comes to diseases and babies. No matter how strong a baby’s immune system is, there are various diseases which the immune system is not equipped enough to prevent. Immunising your child can help protect him for many deadly diseases and for that you can follow this vaccination chart.
Hence, it is important to get your child vaccinated as it will avert those diseases and ensure that the child remains hearty and healthy.
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Some important vaccines that Pediatricians recommend and you must ensure your newborn baby gets suggested vaccinations (Tika) on time:
This vaccine protects against the harmful effects of childhood tuberculosis which is called Tuberculous Meningitis. BCG is given anytime from birth to 15 days. The standard dose of BCG vaccine given to children is 0.1mg in 1 ml of vaccine.
As the name suggests, this vaccine prevents the infant from Polio which causes paralysis. The Government of India has initiated a Pulse Polio Immunization Program to ensure that all children up till five years of age get vaccinated twice a year free of cost. Recently the Government also initiated Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV) to prevent virulent strains of polio in the community. The dosage for this is:
Hepatitis B is a disease that affects the liver, so it’s important to get your child vaccinated and immune to this disease. The vaccine requires three doses, with the first is usually given a day or two after birth. The second one is given at 1 month and the third dose is given at 6 months of age.
This vaccine provides immunity against the diseases Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis. It is given to the baby at 1.5 months, 2.5 months and 3.5 months of age. When children are 1.5 years old, they are given a second dose of DPT Vaccine. On reaching the age of 5, children are given a dose of the Double DT Vaccine that contains germs to prevent diphtheria and tetanus. DTP is the older painful vaccine that was given to protect babies against the above diseases and DTaP which is a painless and a newer and safer version of it, which is used nowadays.
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It is responsible for providing immunity against Haemophilus Influenzae virus which causes bacterial infections in brain, skin, and throat. The vaccine is given at 2 months and at 4 months followed by a booster dose at 15 months of age.
Rotavirus causes severe diarrhea and dehydration in young children. This vaccine is given between 6-15 weeks of age. This vaccine is given orally unlike the other vaccines that are given through injection. Rotavirus is given three times at the following ages:
This vaccine provides immunity against the diseases measles and mumps and it is given in two doses. The first one is given when the infants are nine months old and another dose is given at 12-15 months of age.
Varicella virus causes Chickenpox. This vaccine provides protection against this virus and is given when the child is 12-18 months old. Another dose is given 3 months after the first dose.
The Hepatitis A vaccine is given to prevent the infections caused by the hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A is a deadly disease of the liver and it can be life-threatening. This vaccine is given as two doses for children. The first dose is given between 12-23 months of age and the second one is given 6-10 months after the first dose.
It provides protection against Pneumonia. It is a pneumococcal and a conjugate vaccine which protects infants and small children from pneumonia, which is caused by the bacterium streptococcus pneumoniae. This is how it is given:
Vaccines are a major part of a baby’s health care regime as they have proved to be beneficial in providing protection against various serious and even deadly diseases.
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Seeing your baby pricked and in pain is a terrifying sight for many new mothers. A newborn is really delicate and a mother can just not see her baby in pain. The truth of the matter is that vaccinations hurt but they are extremely crucial to the health of your little one. So, you can reduce your baby’s pain by a few ways:
Getting a shot really hurts you and me. Babies are no different. Since they are so delicate, you can expect the following after a shot:
Crankiness – A little discomfort and crankiness are normal after getting an injection. Baby skin is very soft and they feel the prick more than adults. Your child may cling to you more.
Fever – Although most vaccines do not cause any side effect; some may make your baby develop a mild fever. There is nothing to worry about. You can check with your doctor in case such a situation arises.
Lump and redness – A small lump or redness at the site of the injection is a common reaction after a vaccination. Most of the times it goes away on its own.
Inactive – Your child may seem to be less energetic and show less activity after the shot which is perfectly ok.
Swelling and rashes – The MMR, varicella, and DTaP vaccine usually cause some amount of rashes or swelling on the arm or the entire body.
Excessive Crying – It is completely normal for your child to feel the pain and cry due to it.
Distract the Baby – Babies are delicate and feel the pain more than adults. They are not able to remove their focus from the pain as adults do. They will continue to look at it and cry for longer durations of time. In such a scenario, you need to distract the child in the following ways:
We hope that this vaccination chart has been helpful to you.
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