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No parent wants to see their baby in pain but there are a few times when they are left with no choice. One such moment is when the baby is being vaccinated. Read this article to find out why vaccination is important and also find the vaccination chart for babies (0-6 months).
Vaccines can be described as products which help in protecting people against serious and life-threatening diseases. Most medicines work by curing diseases while vaccines prevent them. Vaccines give immunity to a specific disease. Most vaccines are administered by an injection, while some are given orally or nasally. Vaccination or immunization is the act of introducing a vaccine into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease. It can also be called a process in which a person becomes protected against a disease. “Immunity simply means protection from a disease. If you are immune to a disease, you can be exposed to it without being sick”, (immunizebc.ca).
Simply put, vaccinations boost the immune system’s ability to fight certain infections. The vaccinations teach the child’s immune system to recognise a specific germ and then fight them. So, when the child is exposed to these germs, he is less prone to getting sick. Your child’s immune systems fights antigens (germs in in the vaccine) by making antibodies. Each antibody has a specific function to fight a specific germ. These antibodies also make memory cells to remember the germs incase of an encounter in the future.
Please find a short description of the vaccines in the vaccination chart for babies (0-6 months).
HepB is administered in three shots and the first shot is given at the time of birth. HepB protects against Hepatitis B (infection of the liver).
This vaccine helps in protecting against rotavirus, which is a major cause of diarrhea. Depending on the vaccine used, RV is given in two or three doses.
DTaP is used to protect against diphtheria (an infection of the nose and throat), tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough). Five doses are given during infancy and childhood. DTaP boosters are also given during adolescence and adulthood.
This vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b. This infection used to be a leading cause of bacterial meningitis. Hib vaccination is given in three or four doses.
PCV protects against pneumococcal disease, which also includes pneumonia. PCV is given in a series of four doses.
IPV protects against polio and is given in four doses.
This vaccine is essential in protecting against the flu. This is a seasonal vaccine that is given yearly. Flu shots can be given to your child each year, starting at age 6 months.
According to an article published in www.businessworld.in, five lakh children die every year in India due to not being vaccinated. Parents should be made aware that getting their children vaccinated can save them and also stop diseases that are contagious. Please read these following points to understand why vaccination is important: