How does dengue spread?
The female tiger mosquito spreads the virus of dengue. Unlike most mosquitoes, dengue-causing mosquitoes nibble or bite during the daytime. Their biting periods are the early hours in the morning and just prior to the sunset. The primary differentiating mark on the female tiger mosquito is the highly contrasting stripes everywhere on its legs and body.
These mosquitoes breed in warm, muggy climate and in still water. This is the reason the number of dengue cases increase during the monsoon season. The dengue fever can appear in your kid or child if he/she has been bitten by an infected mosquito that is conveying the virus of dengue.
Symptoms of Dengue
The symptoms or indications mostly occurs between 4 to 20 days after a bite by an infected mosquito. They may likewise build up a red and white inconsistent, spotty skin rash (something like a measles rash). This might be trailed by:
- Sudden loss of craving
Also Read: Safe way to Protect your Child from Mosquito Bites
If there should arise an occurrence of a toddler or little children, the symptoms will be as per the following:
- A runny nose
- A little skin rash
- A sudden high temperature or a sudden low temperature ( which can be lower than 96.8 degrees F)
- The kid will be cranky and unsettled and extremely upset or lethargic
- Cry considerably more than regular
- He will seep from his gums or nose or wounds
- Vomit at least three times every day
Little older children may have:
- A high fever, which may go back and forth
- Severe pain or torment behind the eyes, which becomes more painful when they move their eyes
- Muscle agony and joint torment which can be severe
- A sudden temperature rise or high fever
- Pain or agony in the back and cerebral pains.
- Your kid may appear to get wounded effortlessly and may demonstrate a wounded fix on the skin from even a minor knock.
- Sudden seeping from different parts of the body, similar to the gums or the nose. The reason this could happen is that your youngster will encounter a low platelet tally because of dengue fever.
Also Read: Colic: symptoms, reasons and home remedies to treat the colic in babies
Treatment for Dengue
In case you notice that your child has a fever and skin rashes or throbbing joints, contact your doctor quickly. As the manifestations of dengue and chikungunya are almost same, your specialist may request a blood test to confirm this.
There is no particular cure for dengue, however, there is a treatment for the side effects. Your specialist may recommend paracetamol for the fever and to mitigate joint pains. Sometimes the doctor may also advise hospitalization if the platelet count goes seriously down.
Home Remedies For Dengue
- Give your child some goat milk.
- Grind some papaya leaves and squeeze out the juice. Make your child drink half a glass of this juice twice a day.
- Kiwi fruit is very beneficial in treating dengue and your child will like the taste.
- The juice of neem leaves can be given .
- Giloy juice works wonders in dengue.
- Boil tulsi leaves in water and make the child drink this water whenever he’s thirsty.
- Ensure your kid gets a lot of rest.
- Give him heaps of liquids to drink, and light and supporting nourishment.
- Breastfed children ought to have more frequent breastfeeds. Breastmilk replaces imperative liquids, anticipating parchedness. Older infants and youngsters may require oral rehydration salts (ORS) to supplant liquids, salts, and sugar.
- Put a wet fabric or wipe on his temple now and again to help reduce the fever.
Also Read: 25 Effective Home Remedies To Treat Cold And Cough in Babies & Kids (3 months to 3+ years)
How To Prevent Mosquito Bites
Dengue, as a rule, endures up to a week and may last up to 10 days, however, a few people may feel it’s effects upto a month. Here’s what you need to know to prevent your child from getting mosquito bites:
- Mosquitoes are most active during the early morning hours and in the evening. So, try and avoid going out during these hours and keep your child occupied at home with other toys so that he/she doesn’t go out to play.
- Keep windows and doors closed to deny access to mosquitoes.
- Mosquitoes and other insects are attracted to dark colors. Avoid dressing your child in blacks and greys and don’t wear them yourself. Dress up your child in light-colored clothes.
- Most of the times, your child will get a mosquito bite on the exposed parts of the skin. Try and dress up your child in full-sleeved clothes with pants or slacks.
- Mosquitoes either breed in dirty water or clean water that is stagnant. Do not allow water to stand in and around your house. Keep water filters covered and empty the water from water coolers.
- Lights such as yellow light and fluorescent light also catch the attention of mosquitoes in the evening. Keep these lights turned off as much as possible.
- Avoid going for a swim during the rainy season since it has stagnant water and an open ground for mosquitoes to breed.
- You can apply mosquito repellent patches on your child’s clothes to prevent mosquito bites.
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