Every woman wants to be fit, active and in the best health while pregnant, sometimes, some common infections during pregnancy can become unavoidable. Catching an infection while pregnant can be worrying as there are chances of the baby being at risk. A woman’s immune system is weaker than usual when pregnant and the body doesn’t produce enough antibodies to fight the infection. Some infections, especially those of the vaginal and reproductive area are more serious and should be acted upon at the first indication.
Here is a list of some common infections during pregnancy:
Vaginal infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites or viruses growing in and around the vulva and vagina. They are especially common during the reproductive years of a woman because of fluctuating hormone levels and sexual activity. There are four types of vaginal infections which are common infections during pregnancy.
This common infection is caused by a fungus called candida. This is one of the most common infections during pregnancy because of hormonal changes and changes in the immune system.
Vaginal yeast infections are easily treatable by using a cream or an anti-fungal oral medicine. However, it is important to seek a doctor’s diagnosis as bacterial vaginosis and chlamydia, can be confused with yeast infections.
This infection occurs when there is an overgrowth of the normally occurring bacteria in the vagina. Bacterial vaginosis is also one of the most common infections during pregnancy.
Bacterial Vaginosis is easily treatable when accurately diagnosed by the doctor. It can be diagnosed with a simple vaginal culture at your doctor’s office. If left untreated during pregnancy, it might cause preterm labor, premature birth, and lower birth weight babies.
GBS is one of the many types of bacteria that live in the body and usually do not cause serious illness. It is found in the digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts of men and women. In women, it can be found in the vagina and rectum. However, in a small percentage of pregnant women, the infection may pass on to the baby during labour.
There are no systems of GBS in the pregnant woman. However, newborns infected with GBS may contract an early-onset infection or late-onset infection.
Early-onset infection: This occurs within the first week of birth, generally in the first 24-48 hours. It may lead to lung infections, blood infections or meningitis
Also read: Tests & Scans Before & During Pregnancy
Late-onset infection: This occurs after the first 6 days of life and may lead to meningitis or pneumonia. The symptoms of late-onset GBS in the baby are:
This is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a parasite. Pregnant women who have trichomoniasis might be at higher risk of delivering their babies prematurely. If left untreated, trichomoniasis increases the chances of contracting the HIV virus which causes AIDS.
Since it is a sexually transmitted infection, both partners need to be treated for Trichomoniasis.
When diagnoses accurately, trichomoniasis is easily treatable by a single dose of the correct medication.
The risk of trichomoniasis infection can be reduced by using condoms regularly.
This is the most common bacterial infection affecting a large percentage of pregnant women. A bladder infection occurs when the bladder gets inflamed because of bacterial growth which is caused by a blockage in urinary drainage due to the growing uterus. A bladder infection when detected and treated in time, is not a threat to the growing baby.
Oral antibiotics are generally prescribed for a bladder infection in pregnancy
If a bladder infection is left untreated for some time, it may lead to a kidney infection. An infection in the kidney may cause premature labor and low birth weight.
A kidney infection in pregnancy may end you in a hospital for some days, where you and your baby will be closely monitored.
Also read: Urinary Tract Infection: Causes & Symptoms
Also read: 11 Ways To Prevent Urinary Tract Infection
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